Victoria University

Capturing Enculturation Awareness: Conscious Negotiations between Culture and the Self

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dc.contributor.advisor Ward, Colleen
dc.contributor.advisor Stuart, Jaimee Balanovic, Jovana 2016-04-29T04:46:49Z 2016-04-29T04:46:49Z 2016 2016
dc.description.abstract Enculturation (cultural acquisition during identity development) has often been conceptualised as an unconscious process of cultural internalization. However, little research has explicitly examined the degree to which people are aware of cultural influences on the self (enculturation awareness) and how varying levels of awareness may influence the development of the self-concept. Drawing from extant qualitative research (Balanovic & Ward, 2013), the current investigation addressed this paucity through the development of the Enculturation Awareness Scale (EAS), which captures the degree to which individuals have consciously considered and come to understand cultural influences on the self. Using two distinct samples drawn from English speaking, multicultural nations (sample 1, New Zealand, N = 224; sample 2, New Zealand, Australia, USA, N = 317), the results present initial evidence for the validity and reliability of the EAS by demonstrating consistent relationships between the EAS and criterion measures of identity exploration (Cultural-Identity Exploration, Exploration in Depth, Exploration in Breadth, Ruminative Exploration), identity clarity (Cultural Identity Clarity, Self-Concept Clarity, Identity Coherence), and identity commitment (Identification with Commitment, Commitment Making). Furthermore, the emergent findings situate enculturation awareness within a nomological network of theoretically related constructs such as perceived agency, empathy and positive psychological outcomes. The development of the EAS has important implications for future theorising concerning the dynamic interplay between culture and the development of the self-concept. en_NZ
dc.language.iso en_NZ
dc.publisher Victoria University of Wellington en_NZ
dc.subject Enculturation awareness en_NZ
dc.subject Scale development en_NZ
dc.subject Culture en_NZ
dc.subject Self-concept en_NZ
dc.title Capturing Enculturation Awareness: Conscious Negotiations between Culture and the Self en_NZ
dc.type Text en_NZ
vuwschema.contributor.unit School of Psychology en_NZ
vuwschema.type.vuw Awarded Research Masters Thesis en_NZ Crosscultural Psychology en_NZ Victoria University of Wellington en_NZ Master's en_NZ Master of Science en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 170113 Social and Community Psychology en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcseo 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and the Cognitive sciences en_NZ

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