Victoria University

The Terror Raids: An analysis of the criminalisation of green activism in Aotearoa

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dc.contributor.advisor Monod de Froideville, Sarah
dc.contributor.advisor Stanley, Elizabeth Paish, Megan 2019-04-03T02:31:38Z 2019-04-03T02:31:38Z 2018 2018
dc.description.abstract The objective of this thesis is to identify how criminalisation by mainstream media, police, politicians, ‘the public’ and court processes affected green activists, with specific reference to the Terror Raids of October 2007. Drawing on media analysis - covering news articles from 15 October 2007 to 15 November 2007, and 1 January 2017 to 31 July 2018 - and semi-structured interviews with eight participants (all green activists, two of whom were arrested in the Terror Raids), this research explores the issues of colonisation, activism, criminalisation, and resistance to criminalisation in detail. The research concludes that state agents and mainstream media contributed to a ‘blanket criminalisation’ of activists in the Terror Raids and that this criminalisation had significantly detrimental effects on the activists, whānau , and wider groups. This intense criminalisation was produced as a result of activists being labelled as ‘terrorists’. As a result, the Raids represented an evolution in the criminalisation of green activists in Aotearoa - from inconsistent forms of criminalisation (in which previous criminalising narratives had been joined by narratives relating to democratic freedom and environmental justice) to the application of intense criminalisation by the state and mainstream media of all activists in the Raids. This research demonstrates, therefore, the power of labelling. However, this thesis also identifies the power of green activism and the resilience of campaigners to this intense criminalisation. It emphasises that resistance can survive even when confronted by intense criminalisation and state violence. It concludes by emphasising the significant contributions green activists make to the environmental well-being of Aotearoa and to the international environmental justice movement. en_NZ
dc.language.iso en_NZ
dc.publisher Victoria University of Wellington en_NZ
dc.subject Terror Raids en_NZ
dc.subject Green activism en_NZ
dc.subject Criminalisation en_NZ
dc.title The Terror Raids: An analysis of the criminalisation of green activism in Aotearoa en_NZ
dc.type text en_NZ
vuwschema.contributor.unit School of Social and Cultural Studies en_NZ
vuwschema.type.vuw Awarded Research Masters Thesis en_NZ Criminology en_NZ Victoria University of Wellington en_NZ Masters en_NZ Master of Arts en_NZ
dc.rights.license Author Retains Copyright en_NZ 2019-03-13T09:01:08Z
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 160299 Criminology not elsewhere classified en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcseo 970116 Expanding Knowledge through Studies of Human Society en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrctoa 1 PURE BASIC RESEARCH en_NZ

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