Victoria University

Questioning policy-making as problem-solving. A Bacchian examination of how paid parental leave was problematized in New Zealand and Norway

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dc.contributor.advisor Creedy, John
dc.contributor.advisor Brown, Judy Morrissey, Susan 2020-05-27T23:55:36Z 2020-05-27T23:55:36Z 2020 2020
dc.description.abstract This thesis adopts Carol Bacchi’s Foucault-influenced poststructuralist perspective to investigate how the concept of gender equality was conceptualized in the paid parental leave (PPL) policies in New Zealand and Norway. Poststructuralism is concerned with how we ‘know’ things, and with language, and the Foucauldian influence brings a focus on discourse as knowledge. Poststructuralism is also concerned with subjectification, how subject positions are created by the discourse, and the way in which some people are excluded from certain subject positions. The research investigates changes to the PPL policies in New Zealand and Norway and how gender equality was conceptualized in each country. This research is conducted using two closely-related poststructuralist methodologies for two different types of data. The first data consist of historical documents from prior to and including the time that the PPL policies were changed and Bacchi’s ‘What’s the Problem Represented to be?’ or ‘WPR’ framework is used to analyse them. The second data consist of interviews with people involved in the PPL policies and Bacchi and Bonham’s Poststructural Interview Analysis or ‘PIA’ framework is used to analyse them. For both data sets, the analysis consists of thematic coding, followed by answering the series of WPR questions or the PIA processes. Three common themes of payment rate, eligibility, and rights were identified in the analysis of the historical data and they provided a focus for the interview data analysis. Different conceptions of gender equality were identified in each country. The research makes a number of contributions. It provides an original insight into the design of PPL policy from a critical perspective and brings a gender lens to policy analysis. It offers a unique comparison between New Zealand and Norway, and provides a further methodological example of the established WPR framework, as well as an early application of the new PIA approach. The research also challenges policy-makers to makers to adopt and maintain a critical perspective in their work, and to recognise that people are subjects, and that policies are problems constituted by the discourse. en_NZ
dc.language.iso en_NZ
dc.publisher Victoria University of Wellington en_NZ
dc.subject Tax en_NZ
dc.subject Gender en_NZ
dc.subject Parental Leave en_NZ
dc.subject Policy en_NZ
dc.subject WPR en_NZ
dc.subject PIA en_NZ
dc.subject Bacchi en_NZ
dc.title Questioning policy-making as problem-solving. A Bacchian examination of how paid parental leave was problematized in New Zealand and Norway en_NZ
dc.title.alternative Questioning policy-making as problem-solving. en_NZ
dc.type Text en_NZ
vuwschema.contributor.unit School of Accounting and Commercial Law en_NZ
vuwschema.type.vuw Awarded Doctoral Thesis en_NZ Accounting en_NZ Victoria University of Wellington en_NZ Doctoral en_NZ Doctor of Philosophy en_NZ
dc.rights.license Author Retains Copyright en_NZ 2020-03-21T04:22:15Z
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 149901 Comparative Economic Systems en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 180125 Taxation Law en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 160510 Public Policy en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 169901 Gender Specific Studies en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrctoa 1 PURE BASIC RESEARCH en_NZ

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