Victoria University

One and the Same? An Exploration into Two Common Ideological Motivations for Lone-Actor Terror Attacks in the West Between 2010-2017

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dc.contributor.advisor Durrant, Russil Fitzgerald, Tylah 2020-11-04T20:56:08Z 2020-11-04T20:56:08Z 2020 2020
dc.description.abstract Islamic extremism (IE) and right-wing extremism (RWE) are the two most common ideological motivations for perpetrating lone-actor terrorism in the West. This study explored the similarities and differences of these ideologies by coding for specific attack and personal characteristics of attacks that occurred between 2010-2017 in Western Europe, Australia, and North America. Lone-actor terrorism included attacks perpetrated by individuals, as well as isolated dyads and triads. A codebook was developed to capture the attack and personal characteristics, and data was obtained from media and other open-source reporting. The dataset included a total of 99 cases perpetrated by 102 individual actors. The study found that lone-actor attacks perpetrated by IE and RWE had increased significantly over the time period studied. Some key significant differences were found: IE were more likely to be an immigrant to the country of attack they were born in, were more likely to target civilians, and their plots or extremist activity were more visible to law enforcement and intelligence agencies, while RWE were more likely to be single, more likely to target social minorities less likely to have experienced tertiary level education or higher, less likely to have children, and are significantly older than IEs. However, for the majority of variables there were no significant differences between IE and RWE, including variables that may indicate strain in a perpetrator’s life (mental health, social isolation and experience of stressful events), indicating that overall the attacks perpetrated by individuals of the two ideologies share more commonalities than differences. en_NZ
dc.language.iso en_NZ
dc.publisher Victoria University of Wellington en_NZ
dc.subject lone-actor en_NZ
dc.subject terrorism en_NZ
dc.subject Islamic extremism en_NZ
dc.subject right-wing extremism en_NZ
dc.subject terror attacks en_NZ
dc.title One and the Same? An Exploration into Two Common Ideological Motivations for Lone-Actor Terror Attacks in the West Between 2010-2017 en_NZ
dc.type Text en_NZ
vuwschema.contributor.unit School of Social and Cultural Studies en_NZ
vuwschema.type.vuw Awarded Research Masters Thesis en_NZ Criminology en_NZ Victoria University of Wellington en_NZ Masters en_NZ Master of Arts en_NZ
dc.rights.license Creative Commons GNU GPL en_NZ
dc.rights.license Allow commercial use en_NZ 2020-11-04T03:47:51Z
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 160201 Causes and Prevention of Crime en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcseo 970116 Expanding Knowledge through Studies of Human Society en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrctoa 1 PURE BASIC RESEARCH en_NZ

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