Victoria University

The Effect of Valenced Facial Expressions on Vertical Selective Attention

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dc.contributor.advisor McDowall, John Beintmann, Marie-Louise 2014-02-28T01:17:53Z 2014-02-28T01:17:53Z 2013 2014
dc.description.abstract Research using mood induction (Wapner, Werner & Krus, 1957) or positive/negative word stimuli, (Meier & Robinson, 2004) as well as studies using participants pre-existing neurotic/depressive symptoms (Meier & Robinson, 2006) have documented the ability of emotional stimuli and states to shift attention upwards (positive emotion) or downwards (negative emotion) in space. This study aimed to investigate whether this impact of emotion on vertical attention extended to briefly presented facial expressions. A within-subjects, modified version of Meier and Robinson’s (2004) Study 2 formed the design for these experiments. Experiments 1- 4 tested the ability of arrows, shapes and emotional facial expressions to shift vertical attention. Results indicate that for both schematic (Exp.2) and real (Exp. 4) faces, positive valence (happy expression) shifted attention upwards, but there was no evidence of the negative valence (sad expression) shifting attention downwards, giving partial support to the conceptual metaphor theory. No evidence of positive valence broadening - or negative valence narrowing - vertical attention was found in support of Fredrickson’s broaden-and-build theory (Exps.2 & 4). The current research has provided partial further support for the conceptual metaphor theory and advanced knowledge in the area of emotion and vertical attention using pictorial stimuli such as facial expressions. It also provides some direction for future research in this area, highlighting key issues to be resolved. en_NZ
dc.language.iso en_NZ
dc.publisher Victoria University of Wellington en_NZ
dc.subject Facial expressions en_NZ
dc.subject Attention en_NZ
dc.subject Visual perception en_NZ
dc.title The Effect of Valenced Facial Expressions on Vertical Selective Attention en_NZ
dc.type Text en_NZ
vuwschema.contributor.unit School of Psychology en_NZ
vuwschema.type.vuw Awarded Research Masters Thesis en_NZ Psychology en_NZ Victoria University of Wellington en_NZ Master's en_NZ Master of Science en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 170112 Sensory Processes, Perception and Performance en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcseo 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and the Cognitive sciences en_NZ

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