Victoria University

Factors predicting citizens’ risk tolerance regarding earthquakes

ResearchArchive/Manakin Repository

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor McClure, John Henrich, Liv 2014-11-24T02:15:59Z 2014-11-24T02:15:59Z 2014 2014
dc.description.abstract People tolerate different levels of risk from different hazards in their day-to-day life. Perceptions of risks and the amount of risk mitigation people desire for different hazards vary. Previous research shows that the psychometric properties of different hazards predict the level of risk people tolerate for various hazards, but not for earthquakes. Risk tolerance is likely to also be affected by factors other than the psychometric properties of hazards. This research tested how earthquakes score on psychometric risk properties compared to five other hazards, and aimed to replicate previous research on the risk factors predicting risk tolerance. Secondly, the research aimed to test if other factors, namely framing effects, risk perception and fatalistic thinking predict risk tolerance for earthquakes. In Study 1, participants from Wellington, New Zealand (N = 139) rated six different hazards (nuclear power, smoking, alcohol, driving, flying and earthquakes) on several risk characteristics and measures of risk tolerance. The results showed that the different hazards were perceived differently in terms of risk tolerance and that participants thought different risk mitigation actions were appropriate for the six hazards. Factor analysis showed that factors derived from risk characteristics did not predict risk tolerance. Study 2 (N = 173) assessed the effects of framing messages, risk perception and fatalism on risk tolerance (judgments about the firmness of the legislation; willingness to pay tax) and judgments about who should pay. The frames had an effect on participants’ concern about the risk, but did not affect the other measures. Generally participants thought that the Government should pay for strengthening buildings, however, those participants who perceived damage as preventable (fatalism measure) thought that private owners should pay for strengthening. en_NZ
dc.language.iso en_NZ
dc.publisher Victoria University of Wellington en_NZ
dc.subject Earthquakes en_NZ
dc.subject Risk tolerance en_NZ
dc.subject Risk perception en_NZ
dc.title Factors predicting citizens’ risk tolerance regarding earthquakes en_NZ
dc.type Text en_NZ
vuwschema.contributor.unit School of Psychology en_NZ
vuwschema.type.vuw Awarded Research Masters Thesis en_NZ Psychology en_NZ Victoria University of Wellington en_NZ Master's en_NZ Master of Science en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 170113 Social and Community Psychology en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcseo 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and the Cognitive sciences en_NZ

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search ResearchArchive

Advanced Search


My Account