Victoria University

Ko ngā pūtake o te mātānawe ki tā te rangatahi: An exploration of self-injury in rangatahi Māori

ResearchArchive/Manakin Repository

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.advisor Wilson, Professor Marc
dc.contributor.advisor Te Huia, Dr Awanui
dc.contributor.advisor Russell, Dr Lynne Kingi, Tahlia Erana Te Ao Mihi 2018-11-28T01:26:34Z 2018-11-28T01:26:34Z 2018
dc.description.abstract This thesis explores how rangatahi Māori and whānau define and experience self-injury in Aotearoa. The dominance of the current Western knowledge base that contributes to psychology in Aotearoa is questioned, specifically regarding the extent to which current knowledge adequately explains self-injury in rangatahi Māori. To do this, I use a mixed-methods approach that is informed by the principles of kaupapa Māori (G. H. Smith, 1997), Māori-centred (Cunningham, 2000) and interface research (Durie, 2005). Our current understanding of self-injury in rangatahi Māori is informed predominantly by international research and models grounded in worldviews that differ from the unique cultural context in Aotearoa. These definitions, such as that for “non-suicidal self-injury” (Zetterqvist, 2015), and models, such as the Experiential Avoidance Model (Chapman, Gratz, & Brown, 2006), are then applied to the assessment and treatment of rangatahi Māori. In this thesis I highlight why these Western definitions and models become problematic when they are incongruous with the behaviours that rangatahi Māori define as ‘self-injury’ and, as such, fail to consider the unique, complex and diverse experiences of rangatahi Māori who self- injure. The quantitative study involved cross-sectional survey data collected from 343 rangatahi who identified as Māori in the Youth Wellbeing Study. This survey data provided initial insight into the prevalence and correlates of self-injury in rangatahi Māori. In the second study, sequential focus groups were conducted with 25 rangatahi Māori and their whānau. The principles of Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (J. Smith, 2004) informed the qualitative data analysis. Definitions of behaviours that rangatahi Māori and whānau considered to be self-injury were broad and varied, including harm to wairua (essence, spirit) of the rangatahi and their whānau. Reasons for self-injuring included experiencing intense emotional pain, for example, that which was caused by peers. The most common functions of self-injury endorsed by rangatahi Māori were to express emotional pain, to communicate distress, to maintain a sense of control over their lives, and to manage their suicidal thoughts. It is my intention to produce research that is directly relevant to rangatahi Māori, whānau, the broader community and the clinical profession. In the final chapter of this thesis I answer the question ‘how do we support rangatahi Māori who self-injure?’. I frame these answers by adapting whakataukī (proverb) ‘e kore au e ngaro, he kākano i ruia mai i Rangiātea’ (I will never be lost, for I am a seed sown in Rangiātea). I argue that, while we as Māori should never feel lost when we know who we are and where we come from, many rangatahi feel as though they are lost, and self-injury is one means of coping with this sense of struggle. For rangatahi Māori in this research, self-injury is differentiated from suicide by the concept of hope; suicide is a loss of hope whereas self-injury is a means of holding on to hope. By understanding it in this way, self-injury can form a target for early intervention and prevention of suicide. en_NZ
dc.language.iso en_NZ
dc.language.iso en_NZ
dc.publisher Victoria University of Wellington en_NZ
dc.rights.uri 0
dc.subject Non-Suicidal Self-injury en_NZ
dc.subject Indigenous en_NZ
dc.subject Youth en_NZ
dc.subject Māori
dc.title Ko ngā pūtake o te mātānawe ki tā te rangatahi: An exploration of self-injury in rangatahi Māori mi
dc.title.alternative An exploration of self-injury in rangatahi Māori en_NZ
dc.type text en_NZ
vuwschema.contributor.unit School of Psychology en_NZ
vuwschema.type.vuw Awarded Doctoral Thesis en_NZ Psychology en_NZ Victoria University of Wellington en_NZ Doctoral en_NZ Doctor of Philosophy en_NZ
dc.rights.license Author Retains Copyright 2018-11-20T08:42:50Z
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 170108 Kaupapa Māori Psychology en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcseo 959999 Cultural Understanding not elsewhere classified en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrctoa 1 PURE BASIC RESEARCH en_NZ

Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search ResearchArchive

Advanced Search


My Account