Victoria University

New Zealand Medical Missions in South China – Ko Tong Hospital in the Kirk Years, 1896-1917

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dc.contributor.advisor Beattie, James
dc.contributor.advisor Abou-Nemeh, Catherine Stevenson, Louise A. 2020-11-04T00:56:21Z 2020-11-04T00:56:21Z 2020 2020
dc.description.abstract During the rainy season of 1909, the first hospital of Western medicine opened to the public in the bustling market town of Ko Tong, Upper Panyu, China. Po Wai Yiyuen, or ‘The Hospital of Universal Love’, was a medical missionary endeavour of the Canton Villages Mission (CVM) of the Presbyterian Church of New Zealand, the only mission to China from any New Zealand church. This thesis presents the first in-depth biographical and institutional study of the CVM’s medical mission, from its conception in 1898 until the closure of its first temporary hospital at Ko Tong in 1917. The thesis argues that the trajectory of the CVM’s medical mission closely followed that of earlier medical missions in a crucial era for the presence and development of Western medicine in China. It also shows how local Cantonese responses to the medical mission in Ko Tong were complex and highly pragmatic. The study highlights the importance of relationships between returned New Zealand Chinese miners and medical missionaries. It argues that, despite numerous setbacks, the CVM’s medical mission under the leadership of Dr. John Kirk achieved a level of stability and purpose it would struggle to find again. Unlike much scholarship in New Zealand Chinese history, this research does not focus on the Chinese in New Zealand. Rather, it analyses the work and interactions of Western medical missionaries of the New Zealand Presbyterian Church active in China. A study of this kind draws on and contributes to histories of missions, medicine in China, and New Zealand-China interactions. The thesis’ three chapters contextualise the medical mission within the pre-existing Protestant missionary movement and medical missionary movement in China, consider how local Cantonese in Ko Tong viewed the ‘foreign doctor’ in their midst, and finally, analyse the influence and leadership of Dr. John Kirk, the hospital’s main superintendent. It does this by examining mission policy, the hospital’s medical care standards, and Kirk’s involvement in medical education. This research utilises primary sources from the Presbyterian Church Archives of New Zealand, highlighting an immensely rich and varied body of archival resources, which has remained largely untapped by historians. en_NZ
dc.language.iso en_NZ
dc.publisher Victoria University of Wellington en_NZ
dc.subject New Zealand-Chinese History en_NZ
dc.subject Medical History en_NZ
dc.subject Missions History en_NZ
dc.subject Cross-cultural exchange en_NZ
dc.subject 1900s rural Canton region en_NZ
dc.subject Hospitals in China en_NZ
dc.subject Presbyterian Church en_NZ
dc.subject Chinese Miners en_NZ
dc.subject Edinburgh University Doctors en_NZ
dc.subject John Kirk en_NZ
dc.title New Zealand Medical Missions in South China – Ko Tong Hospital in the Kirk Years, 1896-1917 en_NZ
dc.type Text en_NZ
vuwschema.contributor.unit School of History, Philosophy, Political Science and International Relations en_NZ
vuwschema.type.vuw Awarded Research Masters Thesis en_NZ History en_NZ Victoria University of Wellington en_NZ Masters en_NZ Master of Arts en_NZ
dc.rights.license Author Retains Copyright en_NZ 2020-10-31T07:49:00Z
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 210311 New Zealand History en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 210302 Asian History en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 200209 Multicultural, Intercultural and Cross-cultural Studies en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcseo 950505 Understanding New Zealand's Past en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcseo 950502 Understanding Asia's Past en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcseo 970121 Expanding Knowledge in History and Archaeology en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrctoa 1 PURE BASIC RESEARCH en_NZ

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