Victoria University

A Kōrero with Computation: Expanding upon traditional Māori materials in architecture’s digital age

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dc.contributor.advisor Kawiti, Derek Harlen, Tyler 2020-09-14T00:34:06Z 2020-09-14T00:34:06Z 2020 2020
dc.description.abstract This research explores the relationship between digital fabrication and indigenous Māori materials. The availability of new technologies such as additive manufacturing poses a unique opportunity to build upon understandings of traditional Māori materials while contributing to Māori cultural identity and assets. Working in conjunction with the iwi Ngāti Tukorehe, and their affiliated hapū on the site of Ōhau, this research explores local mātauranga Māori (Māori knowledge) in relation to digital architecture fabrication techniques. The project looks at the use of large-scale high-pressure injection grouting as a method for the creation of free-form subterranean structures. Freeform injection grouting could be used to mitigate coastal shoreline erosion for Kuku beach and provide shallow ground anchor foundation systems, excavatable post-disaster housing and pavilion structures. The ground material acts as a pressurised ‘scaffold’ and formwork for the creation of the subterranean structures that can then be exposed through the excavation of covering soils. Free-form injection grouting requires specialist geotechnical knowledge of ground pressure and soil composition. Computational processes in RealFlow are used to provide near accurate simulations of the subterranean form-making process, providing an understanding of ground pressure/compaction, composite soils/particle size and injection pressure. The injection grouting technique was tested at various scales and focussed on the use of indigenous materials, including composites of local sand and pumice for the grout aggregate. Flax fibres were also used as internal reinforcing for the free-form structure. It was essential to the research that local materials were used as a means to connect to local understandings and customs around indigenous Māori design practices relating to place and the people of Ngāti Tukorehe. en_NZ
dc.language.iso en_NZ
dc.publisher Victoria University of Wellington en_NZ
dc.subject digital design en_NZ
dc.subject computational design en_NZ
dc.subject additive manufacturing en_NZ
dc.subject freeform 3d printing en_NZ
dc.subject injection grouting en_NZ
dc.subject indigenous architecture en_NZ
dc.subject maori architecture en_NZ
dc.subject climate change en_NZ
dc.subject coastal erosion en_NZ
dc.title A Kōrero with Computation: Expanding upon traditional Māori materials in architecture’s digital age en_NZ
dc.type Text en_NZ
vuwschema.contributor.unit Wellington School of Architecture en_NZ
vuwschema.type.vuw Awarded Research Masters Thesis en_NZ Architecture en_NZ Victoria University of Wellington en_NZ Masters en_NZ Master of Architecture (Professional) en_NZ
dc.rights.license Author Retains Copyright en_NZ 2020-09-13T05:10:34Z
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcfor 120101 Architectural Design en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcseo 960301 Climate Change Adaptation Measures en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcseo 970112 Expanding Knowledge in Built Environment and Design en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrcseo 870399 Construction Materials Performance and Processes not elsewhere classified en_NZ
vuwschema.subject.anzsrctoa 4 EXPERIMENTAL DEVELOPMENT en_NZ

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